What To Do In The “Soo”

Travel, CanadaTravel, USA

The comedian Rodney Dangerfield and the city of Sault Ste Marie share at least one thing in common. Neither one gets much respect. For Canadian travelers in particular, Sault Ste Marie is often seen as little more than a wide spot in the road where they can get some gas, maybe a meal or perhaps a night’s sleep before moving on. The idea of actually spending time in the area is as laughable as one of Mr. Dangerfield’s jokes. Nevertheless, there are an amazing number of things to see and do in the “Soo” (the city’s nick-name) as my wife, Maureen and I discovered during a recent cross-Canada trip.

Change In Plans

Initially, our plans were no different – stop for the night, then continue on. They changed however, when we pulled into the Sault Ste Marie KOA. If there’s a “gold standard” for KOA parks, this has to be it. The winner of numerous awards, this park had it all with wide roads, lots of shade trees and well sized sites. Along with the usual amenities like a pool, laundry, hiking trails and children’s play area, it also had great wi-fi, cable TV, RV washing station, RV scales, mini golf, a dog grooming salon and a dog agility track. One of the owners, Bill Richard, personally led us to our site then returned at least twice afterwards to ensure all was well. Now that’s service!


Sault Ste Marie KOA Office

In addition to the usual stuff, the office also had racks of pamphlets, brochures and literature advertising local activities and attractions. The staff were very knowledgeable and provided us with recommendations, advice and suggestions. It was then that we realized, there were a lot of things to see and do in the “Soo” and we should definitely take the time to check a few of them out.


Learning About Sault Ste Marie, Ontario

Actually, I should probably be saying the “Soos” because there are two cities with the name Sault Ste Marie, not just one. They are located across from each other on opposite sides of the St Mary’s River. This 76 mile long waterway not only links Lake Superior with Lake Huron but also acts as the boundary between Canada and the United States.


The St Mary’s River and Looking Across To Sault Ste Marie, Ontario

While the names may be the same, the two cities are very different. Sault Ste Marie, Ontario, on the Canadian side of the river is considerably larger with a population of around 75,000. It’s also more industrial. At one time, the city boasted a steel mill, pulp and paper plant, saw mills and much more. Today, the steel mill is still operating but at a reduced capacity while most of the other industries have either down-sized or disappeared. Remnants of this manufacturing past can still be seen however, the city is trying to shed or at least soften its industrial image and encourage tourism. For example, a riverside revitalization project has recently been completed. Now, paved walkways, bicycle paths, green spaces, grass, trees, parks and attractions line the waterfront where docks, warehouses and commercial buildings once stood. It’s an amazing and appealing transformation.


Sault Ste Marie, Ontario – Steel Mill


Sault Ste Marie, Ontario – Waterfront Green Space & Boardwalk
Looking South To Sault Ste Marie Michigan and The “Tower of History”


History Buff’s Heaven

At the eastern end of this revitalized region is one of those attractions – the Canadian Bushplane Museum. This has to be one of the nicest aviation museums I’ve had the pleasure of visiting. Their collection is extensive and focused on aircraft used to open up the North as well as fight forest fires. Beginning with surplus World War 1 era flying boats which were the first airplanes used for bush flying, the collection extends right up to the present day. It’s the kind of place where an aviation buff can spend hours.


Canadian Bushplane Museum


The de Havilland Beaver – The Quintessential Bushplane

The museum is housed in a huge hanger that’s right on the river. At one time, it was actually used as a bushplane base so it seems only fitting that the hanger should now serve as a bushplane museum.


Canadian Bushplane Museum – Riverside

If wandering around looking at airplanes has worked up a thirst, that’s easily remedied at the Northern Superior Brewery, a micro-brewery, right next door. Not only are these guys making great beer, they are also developing their own museum of brewing memorabilia. Aviation and beer tasting – what an outstanding combination!

Across the street and up the block is the Ermatinger Clergue National Historic Site which contains two of the oldest stone buildings in Ontario, west of Toronto as well as an interactive Heritage Discovery Centre.


Blockhouse at the Ermatinger Clergue National Historic Site

If there’s one thing this area does not lack for, its museums and historic sites. This speaks volumes to the area’s rich and vibrant past, making it a mecca for history buffs . Whether its First Nation’s heritage, European exploration, the fur trade, the American Revolution, the War of 1812, the American Civil War, the Industrial Revolution or maritime history or aviation, Sault Ste Marie has played an important and vital role which has been chronicled and preserved by these many and varied institutions.


Other Things To See and Do In Sault Ste Marie, Ontario

Further downtown is the Art Gallery of Algoma, the Sault Ste. Marie Museum and the Roberta Bondar Park & Pavilion. Named in honour of the city’s famous citizen, Dr. Roberta Bondar, this outdoor venue – part of the revitalized waterfront – is used to host a variety of events including local concerts and festivals. The city is also the departure point for the Agawa Canyon Tour Train which travels about 183 km north over towering trestles and along pristine lakes and rivers, to the scenic Agawa Canyon – sometimes referred to as Canada’s Grand Canyon.

Photo By Dustin M. Ramsey (Kralizec! at en.wikipedia)
(Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [Attribution], via Wikimedia Commons

Agawa Canyon

The Sault Ste Marie, Michigan and the Soo Locks

Soaring high above the St Mary’s River, the Sault Ste Marie International Bridge links Sault Ste Marie, Ontario with Sault Ste Marie, Michigan. The American city is much smaller than its Canadian neighbor with a population of under 15,000. It’s also much more “touristy” – the result of thousands of visitors flocking to see the city’s most famous attraction – the Soo Locks. This amazing canal network allows huge ships to travel between Lake Superior and the rest of the Great Lakes. The facility was built by the US Army Corp of Engineers, shortly after the completion of the Panama Canal. Since then it has been enlarged and expanded so that it can now handle vessels up to 1000 feet in length. Watching huge ships navigate the waterway is an incredible experience and one that is best done from a large, three story observation platform built right beside the main lock. Just behind the viewing platform is the Soo Locks Visitors Center which houses a number of interpretive displays and exhibits.


Sault Ste Marie International Bridge

Photo By US Army Corps of Engineers, Richard McDonald
[Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


Soo Locks, The Sault Ste Marie International Bridge and Sault Ste Marie Michigan


Downtown Sault Ste Marie, Michigan

In front of the visitor’s center is the city’s downtown core where most businesses such as souvenir stores, restaurants, cafes, ice cream shops and the like, are located. The downtown area is so close to the locks that many of the restaurants have open air patios where visitors can dine and watch ships at the same time.


Soo Locks Boat Tours, Main Dock


Waiting To Board The Tour Boat

The Locks

While the observation platform does provide a great viewing experience, my favourite way to see the locks – both American and Canadian – as well as other area attractions is from the deck of a tour boat operated by the Soo Locks Boat Tour Company. The huge American canal system is the main draw but, Canada has its own canal which is definitely worth seeing. Originally built in the late 1800’s, the lock which is still in use and the surrounding buildings have been restored and designated a National Heritage Site – The Sault Ste. Marie Canal National Historic Site. Today, the Canadian canal is used primarily by pleasure boaters including canoers and kayakers who seem to prefer travelling on the Canadian side of the river, away from the hustle and bustled of the large American waterway and huge freighters.


Entering The Canadian Lock


Sault Ste. Marie Canal National Historic Site, Heritage Buildings and Site


Preparing To Leave The Canadian Lock

Photo By Nicholas Hartmann (Own work)
[CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons


Through The American Locks

More Museums

The offices of the Soo Lock Boat Tour Company are located along the waterfront in Sault Ste Marie, Michigan.  Next door is the “Valley Camp” Ship Museum. The museum is actually situated inside an old, decommissioned Great Lakes freighter named the “Valley Camp”. It’s a wonderful place to learn about these types of vessels and how they operated as well as the region’s maritime history.


“Valley Camp” Maritime Museum

Photo By Chris857 – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,
https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17867555


Aerial View of the “Valley Camp” Maritime Museum

Just down the road is the “River of History” museum, another institution which explores and chronicles the area’s rich past. As a strategic spot on the main water route between Lake Superior and Lake Huron, Sault Ste Marie was not only important to the native Ojibwa people but also to later European traders and explorers as well. The first permanent European settlement was established in 1668 by Jesuit missionaries on the spot where Sault Ste Marie, Michigan now stands. That makes it the oldest city in the state as well as one of the oldest cities in all the United States.

Not far away is the “Tower of History”, a 210 foot high structure which provides a panoramic view of the city, the canal system and the surrounding area. It too has a number of historical exhibits and displays on the main floor.

 

The Surrounding Area

Speaking of surrounding area, the Sault Ste Marie region boasts numerous parks, forests and places of interest not far from the two cities. Many contain miles of hiking and mountain biking trails.  Others are important historically. One example is the Fort St. Joseph National Historic Site which lies about 90km south-east on the Canadian side of the river. Once an imposing British fortress protecting the fur-trade route between Western Canada and Montreal, it is now an important archaeological site.

By D. Gordon E. Robertson (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons


Remains of the Blockhouse: Fort St. Joseph National Historic Site

For maritime history fans, the Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum at the nearby Whitefish Point Light Station on the south shore of Lake Superior is a “must see”. Operated by the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society, the light house and most of the other out buildings have been restored and now house an amazing collection of artifacts, exhibits and memorabilia documenting the marine history and ship wreaks of the region including the famous Great Lakes freighter, “Edmond Fitzgerald”.

Photo by https://www.flickr.com/photos/abrooklynchic/15527711935


The Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum

About 40 minutes south of Sault Ste Marie, Michigan is the community of St Ignace which is located on the north shore of the Mackinac Straights, the body of water which connects Lake Michigan with Lake Huron. Settle by Jesuit Missionaries in 1671, it is now a popular tourist town as well as one of several ferry terminuses to Mackinac Island. St Ignace also situated near the northern end of the Mackinac bridge, the fourth longest suspension bridge in the world spanning the Mackinac Straights.


Mackinac Bridge

Mackinac Island

Mackinac Island, positioned in the middle of the Mackinac Straights, has become famous for its “no motorized vehicle” policy. Nothing with an internal combustion engine is allowed on the island’s roads. Instead, everyone travels by foot, bicycle or horse drawn carriage. Some have called the island a living time capsule forever set in the early 1900’s. The crown jewel is the magnificent Grand Hotel where high tea is served every afternoon and ball room dances held every evening. The island is also home to Fort Mackinac, the restored garrison originally built by the Americans to counter the British stronghold at Fort St Joseph.

Grand Hotel: By Randy Hall [CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0)],
via Wikimedia Commons


Grand Hotel

Fort Mackinac: By Drdpw (Own work)
[CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Fort Mackinac

More Forts

On the south end of the Mackinac bridge is Mackinaw City, one of the most popular tourist destinations in the state. Nearby is Fort Michilimackinac, a restored wooden fort and museum originally built by the French in 1715. It’s one more indicator of the rich and important history of this area.

Fort Michilimackinac: By Eli Duke from Seattle, United States
[CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons


Fort Michilimackinac

Did I mention that this is a fantastic area for history buffs?

So, what is there to do in the Soo? Quite a bit, as it turns out and that’s no joke!

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